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WHAT’S IN A CLINICAL TRIAL?

What’s in a CLINICAL TRIAL? Simple – a lot of bias about the benefits and the harms of what is being tried! We like to report on the benefits but not the harms. This new research published in the British Medical Journal highlights the deficiencies in how clinical trial outcomes are reported. As one researcher […]


Aerobic exercise training increases pain tolerance

It is well demonstrated that a single bout of exercise can cause short-term reductions in pain, a phenomenon referred to as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) (Naugle et al. 2012). However, the effect of chronic exercise training on pain is less clear, as are the mechanisms that mediate EIH. A greater understanding of the effects of chronic […]

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WHAT DO LOW VITAMIN D LEVELS REALLY MEAN?

Low concentrations of vitamin D have been associated with increased mortality in observational studies in humans, but a cause-and-effect link has been difficult to pin down. This new research published in the British Medical Journal has used a novel approach in which the genetic variants in DHCR7 and CYP2R1 have been measured along with health […]


How can you make your muscle grow longer?

Across the animal kingdom, muscles adapt to the exercise that they perform.  They can do this by changing their intrinsic capacity to generate force as well as changing their actual size, both the cross-sectional area of the muscle and the length of the muscle (e.g. Goldspink, 1985; Lynn & Morgan, 1994).  An increase in cross-sectional […]

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Interview with Professor Stephen Lord

Professor Lord’s research aims to enhance understanding of human balance and involves investigations of sensory and motor contributions, behavioural influences, environmental factors, as well as clinical populations and settings. Current studies are designed to investigate the physiology and biomechanics of standing, walking and stepping reactions. Fall risk factors and strategies for prevention of falls in […]


Ultrasound imaging of tongue muscle movement

The human upper airway has many important physiological functions including speech, swallowing and breathing.  The human tongue forms an important part of the upper airway. It is made up of different muscles with origins both within and external to the tongue.  Among these, the genioglossus (GG) is the largest dilator of the upper airway and […]

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Interview with Professor Rob Herbert 1

Professor Herbert’s research examines the mechanisms of contracture in human muscles using novel biomechanical methods. He also conducts epidemiological studies to quantify the prevalence and incidence of contracture, predict people who are most likely to develop contracture, and we conduct clinical trials to investigate the effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent and treat contracture. Professor […]


Selecting the right (measurement) tool for the job

“New study reveals the average height of Australian adults is 100 cm… …when measured with a metre stick.”   While the flaw in this fictitious study is easy to address, selecting an appropriate measurement tool to capture something as complex as motor impairment is not so easy. Many health conditions can lead to motor impairment […]

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Benefits of very short high-intensity training

The personal health and economic burden of physical inactivity is receiving justifiably growing recognition.  This burden may be greatest for the elderly where the gap between recommended levels of physical activity and actual activity is most pronounced.  This gap was recently highlighted in a national analysis of Australian health (Australia’s Health 2014).  But what should […]